Generally, air compressors don’t need air tanks to work properly but it helps to deliver efficient work.
Air tanks maintain a constant supply of compressed air during peak demand just like a water tank that supplies water when it is dry and stores water in wet weather.
Air tanks also to maintain the compressor power supply according to your system requirements. It will ensure that you do not exhaust compressed air which is important for your production process.
As an important element of the compressed air system, the compressed air tank serves as temporary storage, so that your system works more efficiently.
They also function to separate particles and liquids and make it easier to control compressed air systems.
AIR TANK SIZE SPECIFICATION
The requirement is to have 4 gallons of HP compressor (horsepower) or 1 gallon per ACFM (actual cubic feet per minute). However, gallons can range from small 5 to 10-gallon tanks to massive tanks that hold thousands of gallons of air.
The best way to calculate the size of the tank is to multiply the tool’s highest cubic feet per minute requirement by 1.25 or 1.5 then round it up to the nearest gallon size.
A decision on the most suitable size for your system air intake depends widely on various factors i.e potential fluctuations and pressure fluctuations, compressor size and capacity, expected temperature, and overall system.
Many factors govern the consideration of air collectors, including tank capacity and air receiver size.
System demand and utilization factors determine maximum usage. Also, the dimensions of compressed air tanks vary as it depends on system requirements.
You must know the exact compressor size that is best for your system for better optimization to ensure that security issues are resolved.
It is also important to consider the ability of your air tank compressor for it to successfully integrate with the existing system.
CONSIDERATION ON HOW TO PROPERLY SIZE YOUR AIR RECEIVER
- MEET SHORT-TERM AIR PEAK REQUIREMENTS
In some production processes, compressed air requirements can change dramatically. It can even take the whole day for it to normalize.
It is important to consider the peak demand to ensure that the pressure in the system does not drop below the operating level.
You must fully understand your application requirements and the amount of CFM / second of air needed and the expected peak of your system because this is a good indicator of how much-compressed airflow is needed to avoid shortness of air for each of your processes.
- REDUCING FLUCTUATIONS OR PRESSURE DROPS
By minimizing pressure fluctuations, you get more control over the quality of your final product system and have a smooth production process.
Make sure you pay attention to the pressure of your compressor output and your application requirements when used.
Compressed air in your container is only useful for application if the pressure is high enough during the process of using it.
The implication of this is you must take into account the time at which the air tank can send air at the required pressure.
- SAFETY MEASURES
There are situations where air tanks can supply air production to systems and processes to ensure safe closure in an emergency.
We don’t hope for this but we should always be ready for situations like this in order not to be caught unaware.
- ENERGY CONSIDERATIONS
Using the right size tank may reduce energy consumption by the air receiver and it will still have more air than is needed for your process. This will also reduce the possibility of the trim processor to meet increased flow requirements.
- MINIMIZE THE PRESSURE CHANGES
The air tank must absorb the expected amount of excess air and at the same time allow changes in pressure. A big-sized air tank reduces pressure fluctuations for a better production process.